Polonnaruwa is one of the most important and the oldest kingdoms in Sri Lanka; in fact it is the kingdom after the Anuradhapura kingdom. Therefore, things even today remained for witnessing in Polonnaruwa is numerous. Because, there are so many things to witness in Polonnaruwa. It’s the second kingdom of Sri Lanka in the ladder of the regimes of Ceylon. The honor of making the island under one rule is going to the great King Vijayabahu I who firstly chose Polonnaruwa as the capital of the Kingdom in 1070 AD.So much long history s associated with Polonnaruwa.
Eventhogh he is the founder of the Polonnaruwa kingdom, the great king Prarakkramabahu I is the king considered the most important king in the ladder of kings in Ceylon. Its during that period the country became self-sufficient as the King sponsored some huge agricultural projects such as ‘Prarakrama Samudraya ‘which is a one of the most wonderful setting in Sri Lanka.Due to this kind of calm and prosperous time period, there were some great art work emerged from the artists of that era. There was a culture which had been rose on Buddhism so most of the creations were associated with the temple or Buddhism.
Polonnaruwa lies 216 km northeast of Colombo, 140kms northeast of Kandy and 104kms southeast of Anuradhapura. Sri Lanka’s medieval capital (11th – 12th Century AD) is a well-preserved city of ancient dagobas, moonstones, beautiful parks, massive buildings and stunningly beautiful statues. The majestic King’s Council Chamber, the Lotus Bath, the Lanka Thilaka Viharaya, the Gal Viharaya (rock temple) and the statue of one of Polonnaruwa’s great kings, Parakramabahu, are a few of this capital’s memorable sights. The Sea of Parakrama – a vast 12th century man-made reservoir dominates the city. Although it is nearly 1000 years old, it is much younger than Anuradhapura, and in much better repair. Moreover, the monuments here are located in a more compact area, and their development is easier to follow.
To mention the places most visited by visitors or tourists, are